Fortis hospital provides various spine surgeries and procedures such as discectomy, lumbar puncture and laminectomy. Our multidisciplinary team, including the orthopaedic spine surgeons and neurosurgeons, anaesthetists, pain specialists, help to restore and preserve the spine functions by managing the disorders of both non-operative and operative treatment modalities. At Fortis Healthcare, we perform a full range of spinal surgeries using the latest surgical techniques such as the minimally invasive procedures to the major spine surgery procedures such as the complex spinal reconstructions.
Diskectomy is a surgical procedure to remove the damaged portion of a herniated disk in your spine. A herniated disk can irritate or compress the nearby nerves and causes numbness, pain or weakness. These symptoms can affect your neck or back or it may radiate down your arms or legs.
Diskectomy works best on the radiating symptom, but it is less helpful for actual back pain or neck pain. Most people who have neck pain or back pain will find relief with more-conservative treatments, such as the physical therapy or the pain medications.
Your doctor may suggest diskectomy if the conservative or the nonsurgical treatments haven’t worked for you, or if your symptoms have worsened. There are several ways to perform a diskectomy. Now, most surgeons prefer the minimally invasive diskectomy, that uses small incisions and a tiny video camera for viewing.
Laminectomy is a surgery which creates the space by removing the lamina — the back part of the vertebra covering your spinal canal. Also known as decompression surgery, laminectomy will enlarge your spinal canal for relieving the pressure on the spinal cord or nerves.
This pressure is most commonly caused due to the bony overgrowths within the spinal canal, that occurs in people having arthritis in their spines.
Generally, laminectomy is used only when more conservative treatments such as injections, medications or physical therapy — have failed to relieve symptoms. It may also be recommended if the symptoms are severe or have worsened dramatically.
Lumbar puncture (spinal tap)
Lumbar puncture (spinal tap) is performed in your lower back, in the lumbar region. During lumbar puncture, a needle will be inserted between the two lumbar bones or vertebrae to remove a sample of cerebrospinal fluid which surrounds your brain and spinal cord for protecting them from injury.
A lumbar puncture will help to diagnose serious infections, such as meningitis, cancers of the brain or spinal cord, other disorders of the central nervous system, such as multiple sclerosis and Guillain-Barre syndrome. Sometimes, the doctors use lumbar puncture for injecting anesthetic medications or chemotherapy drugs into the cerebrospinal fluid.
The spinal fusion is a surgery for permanently connecting two or more vertebrae in your spine, by eliminating the motion between them.
Spinal fusion involves techniques that are designed to mimic the normal healing process of broken bones. During this surgery, your surgeon will place bone or a bone-like material within the space between the two spinal vertebrae. Metal plates, rods and screws may be used to hold the vertebrae together, so they can heal into one solid unit.
As the spinal fusion surgery immobilizes the parts of your spine, it will change the way your spine can move. This will place additional stress and strain on the vertebrae above as well as below the fused portion, thereby, increase the rate at which those areas of your spine degenerate.